this is bbc news. i'm shaun ley. the headlines at ten... two years since the eu referendum, cabinet ministers insist the uk is prepared to walk away from brexit talks without a deal. i think it is essential, as we enter the next phase of the negotiations, that the european union understands that and believes it. anti—brexit campaigners prepare to march in london to demand a vote on the final deal. detention centres on military bases — america's latest plan for thousands of migrants crossing from mexico, according to us media. in sport, we'll have a full round—up of last night's world cup action including switzerland's victory against serbia. also coming up this hour, tackling plastic pollution. sir david attenborough launches a new campaign, and says he's been "astonished" by the response to the blue planet series. and the travel show team find out how to to explore florence on a budget.
that's in a half an hour's time here on bbc news. good morning and welcome to bbc news. two years on from the eu referendum, cabinet ministers insist the uk is prepared to walk away from brexit talks without a deal, saying the prime minister is "not bluffing". let's take a look at what's happened since 23rd june 2016. david cameron resigned the day after the vote, and theresa may became conservative party leader and prime minister. she waited nine months before triggering article 50 of the eu governing treaty, which started the clock ticking on the process for the uk's departure. in june last year the uk and the eu begun the formal
negotiations on the withdrawal a couple of weeks after as the conservatives lost seats with labour making gains. late last year the eu agreed to move on to the second phase of negotiations after an agreement was reached on the brexit "divorce bill", and eu citizens‘ rights. on wednesday, in a moment described as "crucial" by the government, the brexit bill passed through parliament. and looking ahead, the 31st october — the deadline set by the eu's chief negotiator michel barnier on the negotiations to allow the 27 other eu countries time to sign off the deal. mps will also get to vote on the final deal in parliament before 29th march 2019. and then on that day the uk ends its membership of the european union at eleven o'clock and enters a transition period. so a long way still to go and negotiations still to take place.
our political editor, laura kuenssberg, has been speaking to the international trade secretary, liam fox. the prime minister has always said that nothing is agreed until everything is agreed and that no deal would be better than a bad deal. and i think it is essential, as we enter the next phase of the negotiations, that the european union understands that and believes it. and believes she might be ready to leave the negotiating table and say, this is impossible because you're not listening? i think it has added credibility because if we were to leave, the economic impact on a number of european countries would be severe. countries like ireland, the netherlands, belgium, would really feel the impact of that and that cannot be what the european union 27 actually want to see. this, ultimately, has to be about an economic and a people's brexit, not a bureaucrats‘ brexit. do you think theresa may would be serious then about walking away?
i think our negotiating partners would not be wise if they believed that the prime minister was bluffing. so we are now nearly two years on from the instruction, as you put it, that came from the british people. how much do you really think the government has been able to achieve? i think we have achieved a great deal. when we look back to the pre—referendum period and we were told that we were facing some sort of economic armageddon if we voted to leave the eu — we were told that unemployment would rise, the economy would go into recession, that our investors would desert us. what has happened? we have actually added 600,000 jobs to the economy, we have record levels of employment, a ao—year low in unemployment. last year saw more foreign direct investment projects into the uk than any year in our history and last year saw more tech investment come to london than the whole of germany, france, spain and ireland combined. so the picture has been one of international confidence in the fundamentals of the uk economy. but our economy is growing far more slowly than most others in the eurozone, most others in the western world. we can trade statistics
backwards and forwards but there is still a huge amount of concern, a huge amount of anxiety that the uncertainties of brexit are weighing very heavily on the economy. the uk is still the number one destination in europe for investment over the past year. so whatever is being said domestically — and yes, there may well be some decisions that are being postponed until we see the picture emerging from the european negotiation itself — but in terms of the fundamentals of the uk economy, it is very clear that overseas investors have given us a very big vote of confidence. but you say there is uncertainty because people are waiting for european decisions but also businesses are waiting for british positions. we are two years on here, there is no clarity in the cabinet over which model of customs we are going to pursue after we leave the european union and after the implementation period. well, we will go to thejune counsel and to the october counsel
and we will set out what exactly is the united kingdom's position on that. by which point it will be more than two years after the vote before you're even going to say what you want. well, i have always thought that most of the actual negotiation would get done closer to the point of exit rather than early on in the process. no big negotiations get settled early on in the process. would you be able to, as the international trade secretary, accept the idea of staying in the single market for goods? that would not be acceptable to me for two reasons. first of all it would imply the acceptance of free movement of people which i think was rejected by the public in the referendum. and secondly it is likely to mean oversight by the european court. that was liam fox talking. well, this afternoon, campaigners in favour of a vote on any final brexit deal will march in central london. the event is being organised by the organisation people's vote which argues that brexit is "not a done deal". the march will descend on parliament square, where speakers will include lib dem
leader vince cable, the conservative former minister anna soubry, and labour's david lammy. the pentagon has cancelled two joint marine training exercises with south korea. it follows the decision earlier in the week to suspend a majorjoint military exercise between the two countries which was planned for august. the pentagon said the move was part of the agreement reached between president trump and the north korean leader, kim jong—un, in singapore earlier this month. plans to house tens of thousands of illegal immigrants in detention centres on remote american military bases are being drawn up by the us navy, according to a time magazine report. the department of defence reportedly wants to build facilities on abandoned airfields in a bid to meet president trump's zero—tolerance policy against unlawful migration. 0ur north america correspondent, chris buckler, has more. just inside america's border, only miles from mexico, this is one of the shelters where children are being held. and from the air, you can see young people being ushered
between the makeshift structures in what is being called a tent city. the pictures of cages and crying that have emerged from texas over the last week led donald trump to reverse his policy of separating migrant parents from their children. he has given every indication that he did so against his natural instincts, and the president returned to arguing for tougher laws as he shared a platform with families who have had relatives killed by immigrants. they are not separated for a day or two days. they are permanently separated because they were killed by criminal illegal aliens. these are the families the media ignores. they don't talk about them. there is no denying the anger felt in parts of america over the current
immigration pussy and there is confusion over how and when the children separated from the parents will be reunited with their families. —— immigration policy. this border divides, and the president believes his supporters are on his side as he pushes once again for the american authorities to tackle illegal immigration. there are reports that the us navy is currently working on new plans to build what have been described as temporary and austere detention centres. it is claimed the facilities, on abandoned airfields, are being designed to hold up to 25,000 migrants. translation: it's not ok what they're doing because you're treated like a criminal when all you've been doing is working there. i don't take drugs or anything like that. i've just been working. it is not fair what they're doing with us. there is unlikely to be any letup in the pressure at the border and with congressional elections only months away, there will remain a focus on how america deals with the problem on its doorstep. chris buckler, bbc news, washington. there's been a grenade explosion
in the ethiopian capital, addis ababa, at a huge rally in support of the new prime minister, abiy ahmed. after being whisked away from the scene, mr abiy said a few people had been killed. he called it an unsuccessful attack by forces who did not want to see ethiopia united. 0ur correspondent emmanuel igunza was there. some of those who have been injured in this explosion had been brought to this health facility and are receiving help from medical staff. it is notjust yet clear how many people have been injured but in the last few hours we have heard from the prime minister who has said he is safe. we have actually heard from him that several people have died in that explosion but until now we don't know how many exactly. no one has claimed responsibility for this incident but now calm has been restored here even as the nation comes to terms with this. earlier on it was in celebratory mood as people came to this rally to support the prime minister. they were saying that they were really happy with the reforms he has
brought to the country and this is just one of the challenges he will be facing, that he has some challenges ahead of him trying to unite the nation. emmanuel igunza, bbc news, addis ababa. back to our top story and two years on from the eu referendum, cabinet ministers insist the uk is prepared to walk away from brexit talks without a deal, saying the prime minister is "not bluffing". we can speak to professor anand menon, director of uk in a changing europe. thank you for being with us this morning. what has changed if anything towards public attitudes towards brexit? what opinion polling shows is there has been a very small shift towards people thinking that we should not have voted to leave but it is a marginal think. what the polling also shows is the shift happens largely because people who did not or could not vote now say they would vote remain, there has
been little switching from leave two remaining macro or by sports and the bottom line is the guide remains divided down the middle. and in terms of the practicalities, we are two years terms of the practicalities, we are two yea rs into terms of the practicalities, we are two years into the three year process but is clearly becoming a much longer process than perhaps supporters of brexit originally hoped it would be. i don't think it was ever going to be easy. leaving a 40 was ever going to be easy. leaving a a0 year relationship with an organisation as complicated as the eu was always going to be hard. what is happening is the government is finally reaching a decision time. ministers have come to realise that the kind of deal they thought the eu would offer them will not be on the table so they are having to make some stark choices and that is why we are getting this rhetoric about whether no deal would be bearable or not. the point liam fox made in the interview with laura kuenssberg was that it would be unwise for the europeans to assume theresa may was bluffing but as you said, this is decision time in terms of the
position of the british government adopts. borisjohnson writing in his typically colourful style in the sun said people don't want a bog roll brexit, soft, yielding and seemingly infinitely long. it is a serious point, for a lot of the public it is confusing as to what stage we have reached and how things will be different after march 2019 as compared to now and how they might be different again at the end of 2020. firstly i think the public should console themselves with the fa ct should console themselves with the fact that this is complicated for government ministers, it is just complicated! what the foreign secretary i think was saying them using his typically colourful language as you said, was that brexit needs to be done properly. we does not want a brexit which means we remain in the customs union and single market, brexit that is hard to distinguish from membership, and thatis
to distinguish from membership, and that is the battle that is going on in the cabinet. some people say that we need to remain as close as possible to the eu otherwise it will damage our possible to the eu otherwise it will damage oui’ economy. possible to the eu otherwise it will damage our economy. 0thers possible to the eu otherwise it will damage our economy. others like the foreign secretary say that would be brexit in name only and that is not what we want, we want a proper break. 0ver what we want, we want a proper break. over the next weeks and months that debate will become very focused and, up till now, the prime minister will have to make a decision to go one way or the other. a decision it is hard to see everybody in government living with. ultimately there is a real danger and one of the problems is the cabinet is divided down the middle and theresa may has proven to be a prime minister that does not like to alienate anyone but at this stage there is a choice to be made. someone will be unhappy. and in terms of alienating bee book if public opinion has not changed very much, that would suggest that politically and electorally she damages is less if she alienates the remainers —— alienating people. damages is less if she alienates the
remainers -- alienating people. the real catch—22 of the situation is that the population is divided, there is no obvious, stable majority in public opinion for any brexit outcome which made it is a nightmare for any prime minister. it isjust very ha rd for any prime minister. it isjust very hard given the complexity of the task and the degree to which the british people are divided. thank you very much. it's the final day of campaigning in turkey ahead of sunday's elections. president recep tayyip erdogan rallied crowds in his home district of kasimpasa in istanbul. but despite the sea of flags, his political future looks shaky. he brought the vote forward by more than a year in a bid to cement his power. but despite loyal support in many parts of the country, mr erdogan faces a challenge from a re—united and re—energised opposition. netflix has sacked its director of communications, jonathan friedland, for using a racially offensive word in two meetings. in a company—wide email, chief executive reed hastings told staff the language used had shown
"unacceptably low racial awareness and sensitivity". two thirds of drivers are not aware of the penalties for using a mobile phone at the wheel more than a year after tougher laws were introduced in england, scotland and wales. i'm joined now from bristol by rod dennis from the rac. you did this research. what sort of figures did you find in terms of percentages and awareness of the law as it stands? despite the penalty is being increased over a year ago, six points and a fine of £200 if you are caught using a mobile phone at the wheel, awareness of that still seemed remarkably low. fewer than fourin seemed remarkably low. fewer than four in ten people out of 2000 we spoke to could successfully tell us what the penalties were. there might
bea number of what the penalties were. there might be a number of reasons. we think one might be down to the sheer lack of enforcement for the kit is a difficult law for the police to enforce and perhaps if there is a feeling that drivers will not get caught for this, unlike things like speeding when people talk about points they might pick up, the same does not happen with mobiles. we think it is remarkable that the proportion of people aware of it is seemingly so small. what is the record in terms of prosecutions? seemingly so small. what is the record in terms of prosecution57m is record in terms of prosecutions7m is in the tens of thousands which is very low given the number of people and members who say to us it is a problem. we do and annual study that looks like a —— looks at a wide range of motoring issues and lost it showed that drive the concern about other people using a phone at the wheel was the biggest concern. the concern is there, police forces have a difficultjob of enforcing the law but the focus needs to be there and from speaking to motorists, there is
a lot of support for more great and targeted enforcement and that is something the government needs to look at seriously. increasing numbers of vehicles allow people to use a mobile phone without actually having to physically handle anything and do it through voice control and the normal controls of the wheel. is this a problem that technology will solve? it is an interesting point, technology can be part of the solution. we're used to our screens and iphones and android devices are using those and as soon as we get into the car we are in a different environment where we need to resist them that technology can play a big pa rt them that technology can play a big part in turning that around. there is an interesting technology being trialled. in the us there is a touch pad trialled. in the us there is a touch pa d syste m trialled. in the us there is a touch pad system where you will still have your eyes on the road but be able to use a finger to move round and
scroll through menus to remove the need to effectively engage with an ipad in the middle of the car. technology has a big role to play. you have not seen anything in the survey to suggest that simply increasing the penalties would make people more likely to be aware and change their behaviour? no, the penalties have an important role to play in terms of deterring people but the problem is if people do not fear they will get caught in the first place, we can do whatever we like with the penalties almost and it would make a difference. there remains this hard—core of drivers who continue to believe that using a hand—held phone while driving is something they can do successfully and safely. all the data and figures and safely. all the data and figures and the tragic stories we hear on a regular basis show otherwise. it is something that all of us as drivers have a responsibility towards ourselves and our passengers and other road users and really thinking about why we need to use our phone
at the wheel in this way. we have to think carefully about it. thank you very much. the headlines on bbc news... two years since the eu referendum, cabinet ministers are insisting the uk is prepared to walk away from brexit talks without a deal. anti—brexit campaigners prepare to march in london to demand a final say on the uk's departure. detention centres on military bases — america's latest plan for thousands of migrants crossing from mexico, according to us media. sport now and for a full round—up from the bbc sport centre, here's mike. good morning. it's a huge day for the reigning champions, germany, at the world cup defeat against sweden later and they could be out so they'll be hoping to find their form, just like another of the favourites, brazil, did even if it was a mixed day for their star man, neymar, as alex gulrajani reports.
it is an emotional business, being your country's main man at the world cup, especially if you're brazilian and you happen to be the world's most expensive player. life for neymar in russia hadn't gone to plan in the opening game and for all the flicks and tricks against costa rica, the end result was usually this. time and time again, his flow was interrupted by some untoward opponents, the referee less than sympathetic to his cause. untilfinally, a breakthrough — a penalty. the turning point for neymar in russia perhaps? until the officials looked elsewhere and had a change of heart — not what he wanted to hear. so with brazil heading for a second consecutive draw, it was his team—mate philippe coutinho who saved the day in the last minute of the match. brazil head over heels — quite literally for some — but could neymar end the game with a flourish? you bet he would. the tricks came off
and a goal to finish. the main man back in form. pressure? what pressure? alex gulrajani, bbc news. switzerland are now favourites to go through to the knock—out stage with brazil, after they came from behind to beat serbia. a stunner from arsenal midfielder granit xha ka for switzerland to equalise against serbia, made even more difficult when you see just how much the ball was spinning when he hit it. and then, they broke right at the end. stoke city's xherdan shaqiri going clear to snatch the 2—1 win for switzerland. they're now level on points with brazil in group e. now, one of the worst aspects at this world cup has been the wrestling matches in the penalty box, when corners are taken. harry kane was the victim against tunisa, but this one was even worse. serbia denied a penalty, despite striker aleksandar mitrovic being taken down in a swiss sandwich. went completely unpunished. meanwhile, in group d, nigeria's win over iceland
also brought argentina back into contention. it was a stunning second half from ahmed musa against iceland. he added a second to give nigeria their first win of the tournament. it means argentina can still qualify for the knock—out stage, if they can beat nigeria in the final round of matches. to england then and the squad has had an open training session with the media this morning and, unlike last time, there weren't any team sheets on show. dele alli was among the players who trained but after the first few minutes he stepped aside and carried out his own session which suggests he is fair from fit enough to play against panama tomorrow and gareth southgate has also said he wouldn't risk players who are not 100% fit. they fly to nizhny novgorod this afternoon. as for today's fixtures, at 1pm belgium take on tunisia — that's in england's group. then at apm it's south korea versus mexico. and later, germany really need to win against sweden if they're
to stay in this world cup. coverage on bbc one and bbc radio 5 live. elsewhere, lewis hamilton was quickest in both of yesterday's practice sessions for the first formula one race to be held in france for ten years. it was a pretty dramatic day at the paul ricard circuit — the first session had to be cut short when marcus ericsson crashed. fortunately he escaped that fire unharmed. qualifying starts later today. there are just nine days until the start of wimbledon and we still don't know if andy murray will be there. he says he'll play at eastbourne this week and then make his decision. one man who will be there is the three time champion novak djokovic and he's into the semi—finals at queen's, beating adrian mannarino in straight sets. next to a new record, by a horse on the course at royal ascot. alpha centauri, is aiming
for a top ten hit, but she became the fastest winner, in the history of the coronation stakes eith colm 0'donoghue on board, she won the one—mile race in a time of one minute, 35.89 seconds. and danny cirpriani will make his first start for england in almost a decade when they play south africa in the final test this afternoon. he'll start at fly—half, replacing george ford. england are 2—0 down in the three test series, and boss eddiejones says it's no secret that his side are stuggling. that's all the sport for now. you can find more on all those stories on the bbc sport website. more in the next hour. thank you. a fresh campaign to try to tackle plastic pollution is being launched by the bbc today. it's being fronted by sir david attenborough, who says he's "astonished" by the public‘s response to the issue following the tv series blue planet ii. it comes as new footage reveals how
plastic is killing seabirds on a remote island off the east coast of australia. simonjones reports. searching for food but these sea birds are all too often finding and eating pieces of plastic. tens of thousands of flesh—footed shearwaters nest on this remote island hundreds of miles off the east coast of australia, but even here plastic is killing them. and another. some young birds have so much of it in their stomachs, fed to them by their parents, that there is no room for food. to see them emerge at two and a half months of age, just their stomachs, you know, bursting with plastic, is just... harrowing in a way that i could never have imagined. researchers are now trying to save the birds by flushing out their stomachs. industrial pollution and the discarding of plastic waste must be tackled. it was the bbc‘s blue planet i! that
opened many people's eyes. a recent survey suggested 62% of us want to make changes to our daily lives to reduce the impact of plastic pollution on the oceans. now a new season of programmes called plastics watch is going to offer help to change our habits. right now 8 million tonnes of plastics end up in the oceans every year. but you, by your responses, have shown that if we start doing those small steps that are easily achievable, we can before long really have an effect. whether it is cutting down on single use plastics or litter picking on the beaches, the message is we can do something. simon jones, bbc news. i'm joined now byjames honeyborne who's the executive producer of blue planet ii. he came up with the idea for the programme. thank you for being with us on a
glorious morning there. when you see nature as it is in a place like you are in at the moment, it feels there is nothing to worry about, and then you film something like this and it must be a bit dispiriting. you film something like this and it must be a bit dispiritinglj you film something like this and it must be a bit dispiriting. i think we have all been aware of the plastics issue for a long time, you only have to go down to pretty much any beach in the uk and you will find plastic litter. that has been the case for many years. we were not so surprised when we went out, that we will be filming the plastic and we will be filming the plastic and we would seek animals tangled up or animals eating plastic. i think the scale of the problem has still shocked us. what were the images that had the most impact on you from the footage? when you see a turtle thatis the footage? when you see a turtle that is trapped inside plastic sacking and you know the animal can no longer swim and therefore cannot find food, there is only one outcome and it is not good for the turtle.
that is very distressing. there was the baby albatross we found in south georgia which died because it swallowed a toothpick with its pa rent swallowed a toothpick with its parent had threaded in good faith thinking it is food. how do you convince people that individual action will be effective? 37 million people saw the programme and many of those clearly felt that they want to do something about it but they see big organisation, whether public sector organisations or private companies that in the end are responsible for the scale of the lot of this apparently not so geared up and prepared to make change quick enough? i think we have heard a lot of big companies now and industry talking about making changes and quite fast but on an individual level we all have a part to play and thatis level we all have a part to play and that is a really important thing to
get across. just when we saw the plastic bag 5p fee income than a plastic bag 5p fee income than a plastic bags in the uk dropped from 8 billion down to 1 plastic bags in the uk dropped from 8 billion down to! billion plastic bags in the uk dropped from 8 billion down to 1 billion a year and saw a corresponding drop in plastic pollution on our coastlines. everything we do as individuals can make a difference and together, if enough people are engaged, it will ultimately make a difference. what we are most interested in is how this plastic is getting into the sea. this plastic is getting into the sea. clearly recycling and waste management are issues we have to address to stop a lot of that happening. as recycling initiatives improved and industry and food packaging and other parts of these large industries starts to address plastic issues, i think we will see a reduction in the